This page describes how to add verovio-rendered notation figures to documentation pages that have editable Humdrum data alongside the notation.

Inserting a verovio figure

To display Humdrum data alongside the graphical music notation that the data represents, include text like this on the webpage:

{% include verovio.html

The source parameter indicates the ID of an element on the page containing the Humdrum data content. Also add a script element anywhere else on the page (typically immediately below the verovio.html include) that contains the Humdrum data to insert into the Humdrum+notation figure. The id of the script must match the one given in the verovio include with the source parameter (and only one figure on the page can use this particular Humdrum script):

<script type="text/humdrum" id="myhumdrum">

Here is resulting the Humdrum+notation figure displayed on the page:

You can edit the text in the Humdrum data box above, and the notation should update as you make changes. Try adding some sharps or flats to the notes in the Humdrum data, or changing their octaves. Or try adding this line:

!!!RDF**kern: @ = marked note color=hotpink

anywhere in the file, and then add @ characters after some of the note tokens.

Activating verovio on the page

You must also add the line:

verovio: true

At the top of the Markdown or HTML documentation page, such as this one. This will alos automatically include some JavaScript support functions that are shared between multiple Humdrum+notation figures on the page.

Verovio template options

The verovio template inserts the contents of verovio.html onto the page as it is converted into an HTML webpage, using the following parameter values to fill in values within the image template file. The parameters are in the form:


Note that there are quotes around the values (and quotes within the value content must be backquoted: \"). The parameter and the values are separated by an equals sign, and note that there are no commas between parameters. Multiple parameters can be placed on the same line, but for the documentation pages, you should place a single parameter indented with a tab on each line after the include line.

Here is a list of the parameters recognized by the verovio template:

Required parameters

The source parameter’s value is an ID of an HTML element on the webpage that stores the Humdrum data. Below are example container elements, where source should be set to myhumdrum:
<script id="myhumdrum" type="x-application/humdrum">


<div id="myhumdrum" style="display:none">

In the second case, the div element should be hidden on the page, since the verovio template will copy the Humdrum data to a visible location on the page by itself (unless the humdrum-visible parameter is set to false).

Verovio toolkit parameters

The following verovio template parameters are passed on to the verovio toolkit in order to control layout and options when rendering graphical notation from the Humdrum data:

font (default "Leipzig")
This is the musical font to use when creating the music notation. The allowable values are "Leipzig", "Bravura" or "Gootville".
inputFormat (default "auto")
This parameter informs the verovio toolkit what type of data is being imported. You can try "humdrum" if "auto" seems to be causing problems.
adjustPageHeight (default "1")
This parameter is set on by default. It is used to remove extra blank space at the end of the notation page.
pageHeight (default "60000")
This is the height of the notation page in pixels. Using "60000" along with adjustPageHeight set to "1" means to place all of the music into a single SVG image (even of the music is quite long).
pageWidth (default "1350")
This is the width of the notation page in pixels. The value 1350 will make the width of the notation plus the Humdrum data box match the width of the main text content of the page.
pageWidth (default "40")
This is the scaling of the music notation in terms of percentage of the regular scaling (100%). Decrease this value to show more music in the example, or increase to show the music notation in a larger font.
border (default "50")
This adds a border around the notation (pixel units).
evenNoteSpacing (default "0")
Turning this option on by setting it to "1" will not add any extra rhythmic space between melodic notes. This is used primarily for mensural music.
page (default "1")
If the notation renders into more than one page, you can choose which page to view in the example. This option may be needed if you shorten the height of the page.
spacingLinear (default "0.25")
This parameter controls the compression or expansion of the notation. Decrease this value to add more music to each system, or increase it to space the music more widely.
spacingNonLinear (default "0.6")
This parameter specifies the ratio of space a rhythm divided by the space of a rhythm twice as long. A value of "1" means that the spatial width of an quarter note is 0.6 time longer than that of an eighth note.
spacingStaff (default "3")
This parameter specifies the number of diatonic stems of vertical space that is added between staves in a system to increase space between them.
spacingSystem (default "3")
This parameter specifies the number of diatonic stems of vertical space that is added between systems to increase space between them. The spacingStaff value will also be added to this value, since the last staff on a system also adds a spacingStaff pad.

Webpage layout parameters

This controls the width of a tab in the display of the Humdrum data.
The default width is 8 characters but this is too narrow if chords are to be displayed nicely in multiple columns. To change to 12 spaces, use tabsize="12".
This parameter will hide the Humdrum text and only show the output graphical notation:
The minimum height of the Humdrum text box. The Humdrum text box will normally match the height of the SVG image rendered from verovio. If SVG is short, the Humdrum text may be too small for your purposes. In that case, increase the minimum height, such as humdrum-min-height="400px".
the maximum width of the Humdrum text box.